Adding Help to an HLA-A*24:02 Tumor-Reactive gamma delta TCR Increases Tumor Control

Inez Johanna, Patricia Hernández-López, Sabine Heijhuurs, Wouter Scheper, Laura Bongiovanni, Alain de Bruin, Dennis X. Beringer, Rimke Oostvogels, Trudy Straetemans, Zsolt Sebestyen, Jürgen Kuball*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

γδT cell receptors (γδTCRs) recognize a broad range of malignantly transformed cells in mainly a major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-independent manner, making them valuable additions to the engineered immune effector cell therapy that currently focuses primarily on αβTCRs and chimeric antigen receptors (CARs). As an exception to the rule, we have previously identified a γδTCR, which exerts antitumor reactivity against HLA-A*24:02-expressing malignant cells, however without the need for defined HLA-restricted peptides, and without exhibiting any sign of off-target toxicity in humanized HLA-A*24:02 transgenic NSG (NSG-A24:02) mouse models. This particular tumor-HLA-A*24:02-specific Vγ5Vδ1TCR required CD8αα co-receptor for its tumor reactive capacity when introduced into αβT cells engineered to express a defined γδTCR (TEG), referred to as TEG011; thus, it was only active in CD8+ TEG011. We subsequently explored the concept of additional redirection of CD4+ T cells through co-expression of the human CD8α gene into CD4+ and CD8+ TEG011 cells, later referred as TEG011_CD8α. Adoptive transfer of TEG011_CD8α cells in humanized HLA-A*24:02 transgenic NSG (NSG-A24:02) mice injected with tumor HLA-A*24:02+ cells showed superior tumor control in comparison to TEG011, and to mock control groups. The total percentage of mice with persisting TEG011_CD8α cells, as well as the total number of TEG011_CD8α cells per mice, was significantly improved over time, mainly due to a dominance of CD4+CD8+ double-positive TEG011_CD8α, which resulted in higher total counts of functional T cells in spleen and bone marrow. We observed that tumor clearance in the bone marrow of TEG011_CD8α-treated mice associated with better human T cell infiltration, which was not observed in the TEG011-treated group. Overall, introduction of transgenic human CD8α receptor on TEG011 improves antitumor reactivity against HLA-A*24:02+ tumor cells and further enhances in vivo tumor control.

Original languageEnglish
Article number752699
Pages (from-to)1-12
JournalFrontiers in Immunology
Volume12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Oct 2021

Keywords

  • cancer immunotherapy
  • efficacy
  • human leukocyte antigens (HLA)
  • mouse model
  • persistence
  • preclinical (in vivo) studies
  • TCR engineering
  • TEGs
  • HLA-A24 Antigen
  • Humans
  • Receptors, Chimeric Antigen
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • CD8 Antigens
  • Animals
  • Neoplasms/therapy
  • Immunotherapy, Adoptive/methods
  • Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, gamma-delta
  • Mice

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