Visual impairment due to retinopathy of prematurity and concomitant disabilities in the Netherlands

Kasia Trzcionkowska*, Jacqueline U.M. Termote, Maria M. van Genderen, Meindert J. de Vries, Arlette J. van Sorge, Nicoline E. Schalij-Delfos

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Aim: Determine incidence of visual impairment due to retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and concomitant disabilities between 2009 and 2018 in the Netherlands and compare data to four former similar studies. Secondly, monitor if infants were missed for ROP-screening since the adoption of stricter, risk factor guided criteria (2013). Methods: Retrospective inventory on anonymous data of infants diagnosed with ROP from Dutch visual impairment-institutes. Data including: best corrected visual acuity, ROP-treatment and concomitant disabilities: bronchopulmonary dysplasia, behavioral abnormalities, epilepsy, hearing deficit, developmental delay, cerebral palsy and cerebral visual impairment. During the study period, lower age limit for neonatal life support (2010) and higher oxygen saturation targets (2014) were implemented. Results: Records of 53 infants were analyzed. Visual impairment incidence due to ROP was 2.02 per 100.000 live births (2000–2009: 1.84, p = 0.643). Compared to earlier periods (1975–2000), a significant decrease was observed. The incidence of concomitant disabilities remained stable. Mean gestational age (GA) continued to decrease to 26.6 ± 1.9 weeks (2000–2009: 27.4 ± 2.0 weeks, p = 0.047). All patients met the screening inclusion criteria. Conclusion: The incidence of visual impairment due to ROP and concomitant disabilities between 2009 and 2018 has not increased, despite lower GA and higher oxygen saturation targets. None of the infants were missed for ROP screening following introduction of more restricted screening inclusion criteria.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105793
Number of pages6
JournalEarly Human Development
Volume182
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2023

Keywords

  • Concomitant disabilities
  • Guideline
  • Retinopathy of prematurity
  • Visual impairment

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