User reception of a simple online multisource feedback tool for residents

Lonneke Alofs, Jorike Huiskes, Maas Jan Heineman, Caroline Buis, Manon Horsman, Lars van der Plank, Olle Ten Cate

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Receiving feedback on daily clinical activities, in whatever form, is crucial for the development of clinical proficiency. Multisource or 360-degree feedback procedures have been recommended to include various co-workers as sources of feedback. In 2008, a web-based multisource feedback (MSF) tool for medical residents was developed at the University Medical Center Utrecht and launched nationally in the Netherlands and has been widely used since then. In 2012, an evaluation was carried out to collect opinions on its use, on the quality of the instrument and on its experienced effectiveness. We approached 408 residents and 59 residency programme directors with an anonymous online survey.Completed surveys were received from 108 residents (26 %) and 22 programme directors (37 %). The tool was well received among the respondents and proved to be a simple, efficient and effective instrument to prepare for information-rich progress interviews of programme directors with their residents. Despite a relatively low response rate, indications were found for the effectiveness of MSF use at four levels of Kirkpatrick's hierarchy based on user impressions: reaction, learning, behaviour change, and impact. This MSF tool, designed for effective formative feedback, was found to meet its purpose and was well received.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-65
Number of pages9
JournalPerspectives on Medical Education
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2015


  • Multi-source feedback
  • Postgraduate medical education


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