Use of an anti-reflux catheter to improve tumor targeting for holmium-166 radioembolization—a prospective, within-patient randomized study

Caren van Roekel*, Andor F. van den Hoven, Remco Bastiaannet, Rutger C.G. Bruijnen, Arthur J.A.T. Braat, Bart de Keizer, Marnix G.E.H. Lam, Maarten L.J. Smits

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Purpose: The objective of this study was to investigate whether the use of an anti-reflux catheter improves tumor targeting for colorectal cancer patients with unresectable, chemorefractory liver metastases (mCRC) treated with holmium-166 (166Ho)-radioembolization. Materials and methods: In this perspective, within-patient randomized study, left and right hepatic perfusion territories were randomized between infusion with a Surefire® anti-reflux catheter or a standard microcatheter. The primary outcome was the difference in tumor to non-tumor (T/N) activity distribution. Secondary outcomes included the difference in infusion efficiency, absorbed doses, predictive value of 166Ho-scout, dose-response relation, and survival. Results: Twenty-one patients were treated in this study (the intended number of patients was 25). The median T/N activity concentration ratio with the use of the anti-reflux catheter was 3.2 (range 0.9–8.7) versus 3.6 (range 0.8–13.3) with a standard microcatheter. There was no difference in infusion efficiency (0.04% vs. 0.03% residual activity for the standard microcatheter and anti-reflux catheter, respectively) (95%CI − 0.05–0.03). No influence of the anti-reflux catheter on the dose-response rate was found. Median overall survival was 7.8 months (95%CI 6–13). Conclusion: Using a Surefire® anti-reflux catheter did not result in a higher T/N activity concentration ratio in mCRC patients treated with 166Ho-radioembolization, nor did it result in improved secondary outcomes measures. Trial registration: clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT02208804

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1658-1668
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Volume48
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2021

Keywords

  • Anti-reflux catheter
  • Colorectal cancer
  • Holmium-166
  • Radioembolization
  • Surefire

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