Unresectable Intermediate-Size (3–5 cm) Colorectal Liver Metastases: Stereotactic Ablative Body Radiotherapy Versus Microwave Ablation (COLLISION-XL): Protocol of a Phase II/III Multicentre Randomized Controlled Trial

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Abstract

Background: Although microwave ablation (MWA) has a low complication rate and good efficacy for small-size (≤ 3 cm) colorectal liver metastases (CRLM), local control decreases with increasing size. Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) is gaining interest as a potential means to treat intermediate-size CRLM and might be less susceptible to increasing volume. The objective of this study is to compare the efficacy of MWA to SBRT in patients with unresectable, intermediate-size (3–5 cm) CRLM. Methods: In this two-arm, multicentre phase II/ III randomized controlled trial, 68 patients with 1–3 unresectable, intermediate-size CRLM suitable for both MWA and SBRT, will be included. Patients will be treated with MWA or SBRT as randomised. The Primary endpoint is local tumour progression-free survival (LTPFS) at 1 year (intention-to-treat analysis). Main secondary endpoints are overall survival, overall and distant progression-free survival (DPFS), local control (LC) and procedural morbidity and mortality and assessment of pain and quality of life. Discussion: Current guidelines lack clear recommendations for the local treatment of liver only intermediate-size, unresectable CRLM and studies comparing curative intent SBRT and thermal ablation are scarce. Although safety and feasibility to eradicate tumours ≤ 5 cm have been established, both techniques suffer from lower LTPFS and LC rates for larger-size tumours. For the treatment of unresectable intermediate-size CRLM clinical equipoise has been reached. We have designed a two-armed phase II/ III randomized controlled trial directly comparing SBRT to MWA for unresectable CRLM 3–5 cm. Level of Evidence : Level 1, phase II/ III Randomized controlled trial. Trial Registration: NCT04081168, September 9th 2019. Graphical Abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1076-1085
Number of pages10
JournalCardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
Volume46
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2023

Keywords

  • Colorectal cancer
  • Colorectal liver metastases (CRLM)
  • Liver metastases
  • Microwave ablation (MWA)
  • Radiotherapy
  • Randomized controlled trial (RCT)
  • Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT)
  • Thermal ablation

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