Tumor-targeted Nanobullets: Anti-EGFR nanobody-liposomes loaded with anti-IGF-1R kinase inhibitor for cancer treatment

R. van der Meel, S. Oliveira, I. Altintas, R. Haselberg, J. van der Veeken, R.C. Roovers, P.M.P. van Bergen en Henegouwen, G. Storm, W.E. Hennink, R.M. Schiffelers, R.J. Kok

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is a validated target for anti-cancer therapy and several EGFR inhibitors are used in the clinic. Over the years, an increasing number of studies have reported on the crosstalk between EGFR and other receptors that can contribute to accelerated cancer development or even acquisition of resistance to anti-EGFR therapies. Combined targeting of EGFR and insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF-1R) is a rational strategy to potentiate anti-cancer treatment and possibly retard resistance development. In the present study, we have pursued this by encapsulating the kinase inhibitor AG538 in anti-EGFR nanobody-liposomes. The thus developed dual-active nanobody-liposomes associated with EGFR-(over)expressing cells in an EGFR-specific manner and blocked both EGFR and IGF-1R activation, due to the presence of the EGFR-blocking nanobody EGa1 and the anti-IGF-1R kinase inhibitor AG538 respectively. AG538-loaded nanobody-liposomes induced a strong inhibition of tumor cell proliferation even upon short-term exposure followed by a drug-free wash-out period. Therefore, AG538-loaded nanobody-liposomes are a promising anti-cancer formulation due to efficient intracellular delivery of AG538 in combination with antagonistic and downregulating properties of the EGa1 nanobody-liposomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)281-9
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Controlled Release
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 30 Apr 2012


  • Animals
  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Binding, Competitive
  • Blotting, Western
  • Catechols
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Drug Compounding
  • Flow Cytometry
  • Humans
  • Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains
  • Liposomes
  • Mice
  • Microscopy, Confocal
  • NIH 3T3 Cells
  • Nanoparticles
  • Particle Size
  • Protein Kinase Inhibitors
  • Receptor Cross-Talk
  • Receptor, Epidermal Growth Factor
  • Receptor, IGF Type 1
  • Surface Properties
  • Tyrphostins
  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't


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