The RoxyScan is a novel measurement of red blood cell deformability under oxidative and shear stress

Sandra K. Larkin*, Carolina Hernández, Eduard J. van Beers, Richard van Wijk, Frans A. Kuypers

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Exposure to both oxidative and shear stress, a condition that the red blood cell (RBC) continuously experiences in the circulation in vivo can be mimicked in a Couette type viscometer and monitored by ektacytometry. RBCs maintain their deformation and orientation under shear stress and oxidative stress until a threshold is reached at which these conditions appear to overwhelm the elaborate and complex pathways that maintain a proper redox environment in the cell. Oxidative stress under shear alters the ability of the cell to deform, changes cell morphology, its orientation in the shear stress field, and appears to alter intracellular and membrane characteristics. The application of the RoxyScan technology allows the comparison of oxidant effects and the role of antioxidant systems. This provides the opportunity to study the ability of RBC to deal with oxidative stress in various conditions, including RBC disorders such as sickle cell disease (SCD).

Original languageEnglish
Article number6344
Number of pages10
JournalScientific Reports
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2024

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