Symptoms from treatment with sunitinib or sorafenib: a multicenter explorative cohort study to explore the influence of patient-reported outcomes on therapy decisions

J J Koldenhof, P O Witteveen, R de Vos, M Walraven, C N Tillier, H M W Verheul, S C C M Teunissen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

PURPOSE: Optimal long-lasting treatment with sunitinib and sorafenib is limited by dose modifications (DMs) due to adverse events (AEs). These AEs may be underrecognized and their influence on health-related quality of life (HRQL) underestimated. Improved insight into the relationship between AEs and therapy decisions is needed. To improve decision making around managing symptoms and reduce DMs, this study was set up to explore the influence of patient-reported symptoms on therapy decisions.

METHODS: In this multicenter cohort study, patient characteristics, reasons for and different forms of used dose modifications, and AEs were prospectively obtained from cancer patients on sunitinib/sorafenib treatment. Used instruments to get insight into AEs were the patient-scored Utrecht Symptom Diary (USD) and the professional-scored Common Terminology Criteria for AEs version 3.0.

RESULTS: Median total treatment duration in 42 patients was 16 weeks. Median time till dose modification was 10 weeks. DMs occurred mostly due to multiple mild AEs. By using the USD, a higher prevalence of most AEs was found compared to the literature. Sixty percent of the patients experienced a decreased HRQL due to multiple AEs.

CONCLUSIONS: Because severe AEs due to sunitinib/sorafenib treatment seldom occur, it is more important to focus on treating and preventing multiple mild AEs with higher impact on HRQL, when trying to avoid dose modifications. Using patient self-reported measurement methods helps to early recognize symptoms and to differentiate among symptom intensities. This systematic approach might help to achieve the optimal dosing, which might improve PFS and OS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2371-2380
Number of pages10
JournalSupportive Care in Cancer
Volume22
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2014

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Angiogenesis Inhibitors
  • Cohort Studies
  • Decision Making
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Indoles
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasms
  • Netherlands
  • Niacinamide
  • Phenylurea Compounds
  • Pyrroles
  • Quality of Life
  • Self Report
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Journal Article
  • Multicenter Study

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