Severity and progression of structural hand OA is not associated with progression of structural knee OA: The IMI-APPROACH cohort

Sietse E S Terpstra*, Lotte A van de Stadt, Francis Berenbaum, Francisco J Blanco, Ida K Haugen, Simon C Mastbergen, Harrie Weinans, Mylène P Jansen, Frits R Rosendaal, Margreet Kloppenburg

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether structural hand OA or its progression is associated with structural knee OA progression after two years in a population with symptomatic knee OA.

METHODS: We used baseline and two-year follow-up data from the IMI-APPROACH cohort. Symptomatic hand and knee OA were defined using ACR criteria. Radiographs of hands and knees were scored semi-quantitatively for osteophytes and joint space narrowing (JSN) following the OARSI atlas, and Kellgren-Lawrence (KL) scale. Knee images were also scored quantitatively with the Knee Image Digital Analysis (KIDA). Progression was defined as change above the minimal detectable change on patient level, except for KIDA (most affected knee compartment level). With logistic regression analyses the severity or progression of hand OA was associated with knee OA progression.

RESULTS: In 221 participants (mean age 66, 77% women, mean BMI 27.7, 19% hand OA), OA progression occurred in 18%-28%, and 9%-38% in hands and knees respectively, depending on features. Baseline structural hand OA features were not significantly associated with knee OA progression, except for hand osteophytes with KIDA osteophytes progression (odds ratio (OR) 1.03, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.01-1.06). Progression of structural hand OA features was not significantly associated with knee OA progression, except for hand osteophyte or JSN progression, which was significantly associated with knee osteophyte progression (OR 0.44, 95%CI 0.22-0.84 and OR 0.43, 95%CI 0.18-0.94, respectively), and hand osteophyte progression for knee JSN (OR 2.51, 95%CI 1.15-5.48).

CONCLUSIONS: In patients with symptomatic knee OA, no consistent associations between baseline structural hand OA or hand OA progression and knee OA progression were shown.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100487
JournalOsteoarthritis and Cartilage Open
Volume6
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2024

Keywords

  • Hand
  • Knee
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Structural

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Severity and progression of structural hand OA is not associated with progression of structural knee OA: The IMI-APPROACH cohort'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this