Prospective isolation of mesenchymal stem cells from multiple mammalian species using cross-reacting anti-human monoclonal antibodies

H. Rozemuller, H. Prins, B. Naaijkens, J Staal, H.J. Bühring, A.C.M. Martens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) of human and nonhuman mammalian species are often studied for various
applications in regenerative medicine research. These MSCs can be derived from human bone marrow (BM) and
identified by their ability to form fibroblast-like colony forming units that develop into stromal like cells when
expanded in culture. These cells are characterized by their spindle-shaped morphology, their characteristic
phenotype (CD73+
, CD90+
, CD105+
, CD45, and CD34), and their ability to differentiate into cells of the
osteogenic, adipogenic, and chondrogenic lineages. However, the identification and purification of MSCs from
nonhuman mammalian species is hampered by the lack of suitable monoclonal antibodies (mAb). In this report,
primary BM and cultured BM-derived MSCs of human and monkey, goat, sheep, dog, and pig were screened for
cross-reactivity using a panel of 43 mAb, of which 22 react with either human BM mononuclear cells or cultured
human MSCs. We found 7 mAb with specificity for CD271, MSCA-1 (W8B2 antigen), W4A5, CD56, W3C4
(CD349), W5C4, and 58B1, which showed interspecies cross-reactivity. These mAb proved to be useful for
prospective sorting of MSCs from the BM of the 6 mammalian species studied as well as for the characterization
of their cultured offspring. Flow sorting with the cross-reacting mAb resulted in up to 2400-fold enrichment of
the clonogenic cell fraction (fibroblast-like colony forming units). This study provides an important contribution
for the comparative prospective isolation of primary BM-MSCs and the characterization of cultured MSCs from
multiple mammalian species for preclinical research.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1911-1921
Number of pages11
JournalStem Cells and Development
Volume19
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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