Prognostic Value of Complete Resection of the High-Frequency Oscillation Area in Intracranial EEG: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Ziyi Wang, Jiaojiao Guo, Maryse van 't Klooster, Sem Hoogteijling, Julia Jacobs, Maeike Zijlmans*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Downloads (Pure)


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: High-frequency oscillations (HFOs; ripples 80-250 Hz; fast ripples [FRs] 250-500 Hz) recorded with intracranial electrodes generated excitement and debate about their potential to localize epileptogenic foci. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis on the prognostic value of complete resection of the HFOs-area (crHFOs-area) for epilepsy surgical outcome in intracranial EEG (iEEG) accessing multiple subgroups. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science for original research from inception to October 27, 2022. We defined favorable surgical outcome (FSO) as Engel class I, International League Against Epilepsy class 1, or seizure-free status. The prognostic value of crHFOs-area for FSO was assessed by (1) the pooled FSO proportion after crHFOs-area; (2) FSO for crHFOs-area vs without crHFOs-area; and (3) the predictive performance. We defined high combined prognostic value as FSO proportion >80% + FSO crHFOs-area >without crHFOs-area + area under the curve (AUC) >0.75 and examined this for the clinical subgroups (study design, age, diagnostic type, HFOs-identification method, HFOs-rate thresholding, and iEEG state). Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) was compared with extra-TLE through dichotomous variable analysis. Individual patient analysis was performed for sex, affected hemisphere, MRI findings, surgery location, and pathology. RESULTS: Of 1,387 studies screened, 31 studies (703 patients) met our eligibility criteria. Twenty-seven studies (602 patients) analyzed FRs and 20 studies (424 patients) ripples. Pooled FSO proportion after crHFOs-area was 81% (95% CI 76%-86%) for FRs and 82% (73%-89%) for ripples. Patients with crHFOs-area achieved more often FSO than those without crHFOs-area (FRs odds ratio [OR] 6.38, 4.03-10.09, p < 0.001; ripples 4.04, 2.32-7.04, p < 0.001). The pooled AUCs were 0.81 (0.77-0.84) for FRs and 0.76 (0.72-0.79) for ripples. Combined prognostic value was high in 10 subgroups: retrospective, children, long-term iEEG, threshold (FRs and ripples) and automated detection and interictal (FRs). FSO after complete resection of FRs-area (crFRs-area) was achieved less often in people with TLE than extra-TLE (OR 0.37, 0.15-0.89, p = 0.006). Individual patient analyses showed that crFRs-area was seen more in patients with FSO with than without MRI lesions (p = 0.02 after multiple correction). DISCUSSION: Complete resection of the brain area with HFOs is associated with good postsurgical outcome. Its prognostic value holds, especially for FRs, for various subgroups. The use of HFOs for extra-TLE patients requires further evidence.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere209216
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 14 May 2024


  • Child
  • Electrocorticography
  • Electroencephalography/methods
  • Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe
  • Epilepsy/diagnosis
  • Humans
  • Prognosis
  • Retrospective Studies


Dive into the research topics of 'Prognostic Value of Complete Resection of the High-Frequency Oscillation Area in Intracranial EEG: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this