Pro-Arrhythmic Potential of Accumulated Uremic Toxins Is Mediated via Vulnerability of Action Potential Repolarization

Willem B van Ham, Carlijn M Cornelissen, Elizaveta Polyakova, Stephanie M van der Voorn, Merel L Ligtermoet, Jantine Monshouwer-Kloots, Marc A Vos, Alexandre Bossu, Eva van Rooij, Marcel A G van der Heyden, Toon A B van Veen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

4 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is represented by a diminished filtration capacity of the kidneys. End-stage renal disease patients need dialysis treatment to remove waste and toxins from the circulation. However, endogenously produced uremic toxins (UTs) cannot always be filtered during dialysis. UTs are among the CKD-related factors that have been linked to maladaptive and pathophysiological remodeling of the heart. Importantly, 50% of the deaths in dialysis patients are cardiovascular related, with sudden cardiac death predominating. However, the mechanisms responsible remain poorly understood. The current study aimed to assess the vulnerability of action potential repolarization caused by exposure to pre-identified UTs at clinically relevant concentrations. We exposed human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hiPSC-CMs) and HEK293 chronically (48 h) to the UTs indoxyl sulfate, kynurenine, or kynurenic acid. We used optical and manual electrophysiological techniques to assess action potential duration (APD) in the hiPSC-CMs and recorded I Kr currents in stably transfected HEK293 cells (HEK-hERG). Molecular analysis of K V11.1, the ion channel responsible for I Kr, was performed to further understand the potential mechanism underlying the effects of the UTs. Chronic exposure to the UTs resulted in significant APD prolongation. Subsequent assessment of the repolarization current I Kr, often most sensitive and responsible for APD alterations, showed decreased current densities after chronic exposure to the UTs. This outcome was supported by lowered protein levels of K V11.1. Finally, treatment with an activator of the I Kr current, LUF7244, could reverse the APD prolongation, indicating the potential modulation of electrophysiological effects caused by these UTs. This study highlights the pro-arrhythmogenic potential of UTs and reveals a mode of action by which they affect cardiac repolarization.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5373
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume24
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Mar 2023

Keywords

  • K 11.1
  • cardiac repolarization
  • cellular electrophysiology
  • chronic kidney disease
  • uremic toxins

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Pro-Arrhythmic Potential of Accumulated Uremic Toxins Is Mediated via Vulnerability of Action Potential Repolarization'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this