Plasma Advanced Glycation End Products and Dicarbonyl Compounds Are Not Associated with Coronary Atherosclerosis in Athletes

Kristian Berge, Vincent L. Aengevaeren, Arend Mosterd, Birgitta K. Velthuis, Magnus N. Lyngbakken, TorbjØrn Omland, Casper G. Schalkwijk, Thijs M.H. Eijsvogels*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Purpose Coronary atherosclerosis is the leading cause of sudden death among athletes >35 yr old, but current cardiovascular risk prediction algorithms have not been validated for athletes. Advanced glycation end products (AGE) and dicarbonyl compounds have been associated with atherosclerosis and rupture-prone plaques in patients and ex vivo studies. The detection of AGE and dicarbonyl compounds might be a novel screening tool for high-risk coronary atherosclerosis in older athletes. Methods Concentrations of three different AGE and the dicarbonyl compounds methylglyoxal, glyoxal, and 3-deoxyglucosone were measured in plasma with ultraperformance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry in athletes from the Measuring Athletes' Risk of Cardiovascular Events 2 study cohort. Coronary plaques, plaque characteristics (calcified, noncalcified or mixed), and coronary artery calcium (CAC) scores were assessed with coronary computed tomography, and potential associations with AGE and dicarbonyl compounds were analyzed using linear and logistic regression. Results A total of 289 men were included (60 [quartiles 1-3 = 56-66] yr old, body mass index = 24.5 [22.9-26.6] kg·m-2), with a weekly exercise volume of 41 (25-57) MET-hours. Coronary plaques were detected in 241 participants (83%), with a dominant plaque type of calcified plaques in 42%, noncalcified plaques in 12% and mixed plaques in 21%. No AGE or dicarbonyl compounds were associated with total number of plaques or any of the plaque characteristics in adjusted analyses. Similarly, AGE and dicarbonyl compounds were not associated with CAC score. Conclusions Concentrations of plasma AGE and dicarbonyl compounds do not predict the presence of coronary plaques, plaque characteristics or CAC scores, in middle-age and older athletes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1143-1150
Number of pages8
JournalMedicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Volume55
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2023

Keywords

  • BIOMARKERS
  • CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
  • CCTA
  • ENDURANCE TRAINING
  • EXERCISE
  • PLAQUE COMPOSITION

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