Physical Activity and Vascular Events and Mortality in Patients with Vascular Disease

H. Myrthe Boss, L. Jaap Kappelle, Yolanda Van der Graaf, Minke Kooistra, Frank L. J. Visseren, Mirjam I. Geerlings*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: In patients with CAD, moderate levels of leisure time physical activity are associated with lower risk of mortality. However, less is known about the effects in patients with vascular disease other than CAD. In this study, we examined the association between physical activity and risk of future vascular events and all-cause mortality in patients with vascular disease or risk factors and investigated whether these associations were similar across the different manifestations of vascular disease. Methods: A total of 9942 consecutive patients with various manifestations of vascular disease or risk factors enroled in the Second Manifestations of ARTerial disease study were included. The amount of physical activity was assessed at baseline in MET-hours per week. Results: The study population ( mean age, 56.7 yr; male, 67%) had a median level of physical activity of 17.4 METIhwk-1. During a median follow-up of 6.7 yr, 1224 vascular events and 1353 cases of all-cause mortality were recorded. Cox regression analyses adjusted for age, sex, smoking, and current alcohol consumption showed that higher levels of physical activity were associated with reduced risk of vascular events ( quartile 4 vs quartile 1; hazard ratio, 0.68 ( 95% confidence interval, 0.58-0.79)) and all-cause mortality ( hazard ratio, 0.61 ( 95% confidence interval, 0.53- 0.71)). This reduced risk was observed both in patients with vascular disease and in patients with risk factors. The associations were similar across the different manifestations of vascular disease. Conclusions: Higher levels of leisure time physical activity were associated with reduced risk of vascular events and all-cause mortality in patients with CAD and other manifestations of vascular disease, suggesting that physical exercise programs should also be investigated in these other manifestations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2359-2365
Number of pages7
JournalMedicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Volume47
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2015

Keywords

  • VASCULAR DISEASE
  • PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
  • MORTALITY
  • EPIDEMIOLOGY
  • CORONARY-HEART-DISEASE
  • ALL-CAUSE MORTALITY
  • PERIPHERAL ARTERIAL-DISEASE
  • CARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASE
  • CONTROLLED-TRIALS
  • EXERCISE CAPACITY
  • RISK
  • METAANALYSIS
  • ASSOCIATION
  • COHORT

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