Phase i and pharmacological study of pazopanib in combination with oral topotecan in patients with advanced solid tumours

B. Milojkovic Kerklaan, M. P J Lolkema, L. A. Devriese, E. E. Voest, A. Nol-Boekel, M. Mergui-Roelvink, M. Langenberg, K. Mykulowycz, J. Stoebenau, S. Lane, P. Legenne, P. Wissel, D. A. Smith, B. J. Giantonio, J. H M Schellens, P. O. Witteveen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Background: This phase I study evaluated the safety, tolerability, maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and pharmacokinetics of two dosing schedules of oral topotecan in combination with pazopanib in patients with advanced solid tumours. Methods: Stage I of this study was to determine whether there was an impact of pazopanib on topotecan exposure. In stage II, the MTD and safety profile of oral topotecan given weekly on days 1, 8 and 15 in a 28-day cycle; or daily-times-five on days 1-5 in a 21-day cycle, both in combination with daily pazopanib, were explored. Results: In total, 67 patients were enroled. Pazopanib co-administration caused a substantial increase in exposure to total topotecan (1.7-fold) compared with topotecan alone, which is considered clinically relevant. Topotecan had no effect on pazopanib concentrations. Safety findings were consistent with the known profile of both agents. There were three drug-related deaths, liver failure, tumour haemorrhage and myelosuppression. Two patients experienced dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs; hand-foot syndrome, myelosuppression and diarrhoea) on the weekly topotecan schedule and four patients experienced DLTs (myelosuppression) on the daily-times-five topotecan schedule. When combined with pazopanib, 800 mg daily, the recommended doses for oral topotecan are: 8 mg weekly and 2.5 mg daily-times-five. Seven of eight patients with partial response had platinum-resistant ovarian cancer. In addition, 54% of patients had stable disease with 22% stable for 6 months. Conclusions: Total topotecan exposure is 1.7-fold higher when co-administered with pazopanib. Both schedules of administration were tolerated and would permit further evaluation, especially the weekly schedule.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)706-715
Number of pages10
JournalBritish Journal of Cancer
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2015


  • ovarian cancer
  • Pazopanib
  • topotecan


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