Paternal HLA-C is a risk factor in unexplained recurrent miscarriage

Tess Meuleman, Geert W Haasnoot, Jan M M van Lith, Willem Verduijn, Kitty W M Bloemenkamp, Frans H J Claas

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


    PROBLEM: HLA-C is the only classical HLA-I antigen expressed on trophoblast. We hypothesized that the alloimmune response to paternal HLA-C plays a role in unexplained recurrent miscarriage.

    METHOD OF STUDY: In a case-control design, we included 100 women with at least three unexplained consecutive miscarriages along with their partners and children. For the first control group, we included 90 women with an uneventful singleton pregnancy without pregnancy complications in their history along with their children. The second control group consisted of 425 families. HLA-C*07 and HLA-C*17 frequencies, which are the most immunogenic HLA-C antigens, along with HLA-C mismatches, and the presence of specific HLA antibodies in the mother were determined.

    RESULTS: HLA-C and HLA-C*07 mismatches were significantly increased in couples with recurrent miscarriage compared to control subjects (P = .016, P = .008, respectively). The incidence of child-specific HLA-C*07/HLA-C*17 antibodies was increased in women with recurrent miscarriage (P = .007).

    CONCLUSION: The results show that HLA-C incompatibility between couples is significantly associated with unexplained recurrent miscarriage.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article numbere12797
    Pages (from-to)1-9
    JournalAmerican Journal of Reproductive Immunology
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2018


    • HLA-C
    • pregnancy
    • recurrent miscarriage


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