P53 forms redox-dependent protein–protein interactions through cysteine 277

Tao Shi, Paulien E. Polderman, Marc Pagès-Gallego, Robert M. van Es, Harmjan R. Vos, Boudewijn M.T. Burgering, Tobias B. Dansen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Reversible cysteine oxidation plays an essential role in redox signaling by reversibly altering protein structure and function. Cysteine oxidation may lead to intra-and intermolecular di-sulfide formation, and the latter can drastically stabilize protein–protein interactions in a more oxidizing milieu. The activity of the tumor suppressor p53 is regulated at multiple levels, including various post-translational modification (PTM) and protein–protein interactions. In the past few decades, p53 has been shown to be a redox-sensitive protein, and undergoes reversible cysteine oxidation both in vitro and in vivo. It is not clear, however, whether p53 also forms intermolecular disulfides with interacting proteins and whether these redox-dependent interactions contribute to the regulation of p53. In the present study, by combining (co-)immunoprecipitation, quantitative mass spectrometry and Western blot we found that p53 forms disulfide-dependent interactions with several proteins under oxidizing conditions. Cysteine 277 is required for most of the disulfide-dependent interactions of p53, including those with 14-3-3θ and 53BP1. These interaction partners may play a role in fine-tuning p53 activity under oxidizing conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1578
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021


  • Cysteine oxidation
  • Disulfide
  • P53
  • Protein–protein interaction


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