Leukocyte-associated immunoglobulin-like receptor-1 blockade in combination with programmed death-ligand 1 targeting therapy mediates increased tumour control in mice

Akashdip Singh, Eline T A M Mommers-Elshof, Saskia V Vijver, J H Marco Jansen, Susanne Gonder, Robert Jan Lebbink, Dominique Bihan, Richard W Farndale, Louis Boon, Solomon Langermann, Jeanette H W Leusen, Dallas Flies, Linde Meyaard, M Ines Pascoal Ramos*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Collagen expression and structure in the tumour microenvironment are associated with tumour development and therapy response. Leukocyte-associated immunoglobulin-like receptor-1 (LAIR-1) is a widely expressed inhibitory collagen receptor. LAIR-2 is a soluble homologue of LAIR-1 that competes for collagen binding. Multiple studies in mice implicate blockade of LAIR-1:collagen interaction in cancer as a promising therapeutic strategy. Here, we investigated the role of LAIR-1 in anti-tumour responses. We show that although LAIR-1 inhibits activation, proliferation, and cytokine production of mouse T cells in vitro, tumour outgrowth in LAIR-1-deficient mice did not differ from wild type mice in several in vivo tumour models. Furthermore, treatment with NC410, a LAIR-2-Fc fusion protein, did not result in increased tumour clearance in tested immunocompetent mice, which contrasts with previous data in humanized mouse models. This discrepancy may be explained by our finding that NC410 blocks human LAIR-1:collagen interaction more effectively than mouse LAIR-1:collagen interaction. Despite the lack of therapeutic impact of NC410 monotherapy, mice treated with a combination of NC410 and anti-programmed death-ligand 1 did show reduced tumour burden and increased survival. Using LAIR-1-deficient mice, we showed that this effect seemed to be dependent on the presence of LAIR-1. Taken together, our data demonstrate that the absence of LAIR-1 signalling alone is not sufficient to control tumour growth in multiple immunocompetent mouse models. However, combined targeting of LAIR-1 and PD-L1 results in increased tumour control. Thus, additional targeting of the LAIR-1:collagen pathway with NC410 is a promising approach to treating tumours where conventional immunotherapy is ineffective.

Original languageEnglish
Article number16
JournalCancer Immunology, Immunotherapy
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 18 Jan 2024


  • Animals
  • B7-H1 Antigen
  • Collagen
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Humans
  • Immunoglobulins
  • Leukocytes
  • Ligands
  • Mice
  • Neoplasms/drug therapy
  • Tumor Microenvironment
  • Anti-PD-L1
  • Combination therapy
  • NC410
  • Mouse tumour models


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