IKs inhibitor JNJ303 prolongs the QT interval and perpetuates arrhythmia when combined with enhanced inotropy in the CAVB dog

Joanne J.A. van Bavel, Henriëtte D.M. Beekman, Valerie Y.H. van Weperen, Henk J. van der Linde, Marcel A.G. van der Heyden*, Marc A. Vos

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Introduction: Impaired IKs induced by drugs or due to a KCNQ1 mutation, diagnosed as long QT syndrome type 1 (LQT1) prolongs the QT interval and predisposes the heart to Torsade de Pointes (TdP) arrhythmias. The anesthetized chronic AV block (CAVB) dog is inducible for TdP after remodeling and IKr inhibitor dofetilide. We tested the proarrhythmic effect of IKs inhibition in the CAVB dog, and the proarrhythmic role of increased contractility herein. Methods: Dofetilide-inducible animals were included to test the proarrhythmic effect of 1) IKs inhibition by JNJ303 (0.63 mg/kg/10min i.v.; n = 4), 2) IKs inhibition combined with enhanced inotropy (ouabain, 0.045 mg/kg/1min i.v.; n = 6), and 3) the washout period of the anesthetic regime (n = 10). Results: JNJ303 prolonged the QTc interval (from 477 ± 53 ms to 565 ± 14 ms, P < 0.02) resembling standardized dofetilide-induced QTc prolongation. Single ectopic beats (n = 4) and ventricular tachycardia (VT) (n = 3) were present, increasing the arrhythmia score (AS) from 1.0 ± 0 to 7.1 ± 6.5. JNJ303 combined with ouabain increased contractile parameters (LVdP/dtmax from 1725 ± 273 to 4147 ± 611 mmHg/s, P < 0.01). Moreover, TdP arrhythmias were induced in 4/6 dogs and AS increased from 1.0 ± 0 to 20.2 ± 19.0 after JNJ303 and ouabain (P < 0.05). Finally, TdP arrhythmias were induced in 4/10 dogs during the anesthesia washout period and the AS increased from 1.1 ± 0.3 to 9.2 ± 11.2. Conclusion: Mimicking LQT1 using IKs inhibitor JNJ303 prolongs the QTc interval and triggers ectopic beats and non-sustained VT in the CAVB dog. Induction of the more severe arrhythmic events (TdP) demands a combination of IKs inhibition with enhanced inotropy or ending the anesthetic regime.

Original languageEnglish
Article number175218
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
Volume932
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2022

Keywords

  • CAVB Dog model
  • Contractility
  • I
  • JNJ303
  • QT interval
  • Ventricular arrhythmia

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