Interplay between temporal and spatial dispersion of repolarization in the initiation and perpetuation of torsades de pointes in the chronic atrioventricular block dog

Agnieszka Smoczyńska, Errol W Aarnink, Albert Dunnink, Alexandre Bossu, Valerie Y H van Weperen, Veronique M F Meijborg, Henriëtte D M Beekman, R Coronel, Marc A Vos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Ventricular arrhythmias, consisting of single ectopic beats (sEB), multiple EB (mEB), and torsades de pointes (TdP, defined as ≥5 beats with QRS vector twisting around isoelectric line) can be induced in the anesthetized chronic atrioventricular block (CAVB) dog by dofetilide (IKr blocker). The interplay between temporal dispersion of repolarization, quantified as short-term variability (STV), and spatial dispersion of repolarization (SDR) in the initiation and perpetuation of these arrhythmias remains unclear. Five inducible (≥3 TdPs/10 min) CAVB dogs underwent one mapping experiment and were observed for 10 min from the start of dofetilide infusion (0.025 mg/kg, 5 min). An intracardiac decapolar electrogram (EGM) catheter and 30 intramural cardiac needles in the left ventricle (LV) were introduced. STVARI was derived from 31 consecutive activation recovery intervals (ARIs) on the intracardiac EGM, using the formula: [Formula: see text]. The mean SDR3D in the LV was determined as the three-dimensional repolarization time differences between the intramural cardiac needles. Moments of measurement included baseline (BL) and after dofetilide infusion before first 1) sEB (occurrence at 100 ± 35 s), 2) mEB (224 ± 96 s), and 3) non-self-terminating TdP (454 ± 298 s). STVARI increased from 2.15 ± 0.32 ms at BL to 3.73 ± 0.99 ms* before the first sEB and remained increased without further significant progression to mEB (4.41 ± 0.45 ms*) and TdP (5.07 ± 0.84 ms*) (*P < 0.05 compared with BL). SDR3D did not change from 31 ± 11 ms at BL to 43 ± 13 ms before sEB but increased significantly before mEB (68 ± 7 ms*) and to TdP (86 ± 9 ms*+) (+P < 0.05 compared with sEB). An increase in STV contributes to the initiation of sEB, whereas an increase in SDR is important for the perpetuation of non-self-terminating TdPs.NEW & NOTEWORTHY This study compared two well-established electrophysiological parameters, being temporal and spatial dispersion of repolarization, and provided new insights into their interplay in the arrhythmogenesis of torsades de pointes arrhythmias. Although it confirmed that an increase in temporal dispersion of repolarization contributes to the initiation of single ectopic beats, it showed that an increase in spatial dispersion of repolarization is important for the perpetuation of non-self-terminating torsades de pointes arrhythmias.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)H569-H576
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology-Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume321
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2021

Keywords

  • Spatial dispersion of repolarization
  • Temporal dispersion of repolarization
  • Torsades de pointes

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