Incidence and risk factors of late right heart failure in chronic mechanical circulatory support

Susanne E A Felix, Lieke Numan, Marish I F Oerlemans, E Aarts, Faiz Z Ramjankhan, Monica Gianoli, Folkert W Asselbergs, Nicolaas de Jonge, Linda W van Laake

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Background: Late right heart failure (LRHF) is a common complication during long-term left ventricular assist device (LVAD) support. We aimed to identify risk factors for LRHF after LVAD implantation. Methods: Patients undergoing primary LVAD implantation between 2006 and 2019 and surviving the perioperative period were included for this study (n = 261). Univariate Cox proportional hazards analysis was used to assess the association of clinical covariates and LRHF, stratified for device type. Variables with p < 0.10 entered the multivariable model. In a subset of patients with complete echocardiography or right catheterization data, this multivariable model was extended. Postoperative cardiopulmonary exercise test data were compared in patients with and without LRHF. Results: Nineteen percentage of patients suffered from LRHF after a median of 12 months, of which 67% required hospitalization. A history of atrial fibrillation (AF) (HR: 2.06 [1.08–3.93], p = 0.029), a higher preoperative body mass index (BMI) (HR: 1.07 [1.01–1.13], p = 0.023), and intensive care unit (ICU) duration (HR: 1.03 [1.00–1.06], p = 0.025) were independent predictors of LHRF in the multivariable model. A significant relation between the severity of tricuspid regurgitation (TR) and LRHF (HR: 1.91 [1.13–3.21], p = 0.016) was found in patients with echocardiographic data. Patients with LRHF demonstrated a lower maximal workload and peak VO2 at 6 months postoperatively. Conclusion: A history of AF, BMI, and longer ICU stay may help identify patients at high risk for LRHF. Severity of TR was significantly related to LRHF in a subset of patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1192-1201
Number of pages10
JournalArtificial Organs
Volume47
Issue number7
Early online date9 Apr 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2023

Keywords

  • late right heart failure
  • left ventricular assist device
  • mechanical circulatory support
  • risk factor

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Incidence and risk factors of late right heart failure in chronic mechanical circulatory support'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this