Governance aspects of large-scale implementation of automated surveillance of healthcare-associated infections

Stephanie M. van Rooden*, Olov Aspevall, Elena Carrara, Sophie Gubbels, Anders Johansson, Jean Christophe Lucet, Siddharth Mookerjee, Zaira R. Palacios-Baena, Elisabeth Presterl, Evelina Tacconelli, Mohamed Abbas, Michael Behnke, Petra Gastmeier, Maaike S.M. van Mourik

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: Surveillance of healthcare-associated infections (HAI) is increasingly automated by applying algorithms to routine-care data stored in electronic health records. Hitherto, initiatives have mainly been confined to single healthcare facilities and research settings, leading to heterogeneity in design. The PRAISE network – Providing a Roadmap for Automated Infection Surveillance in Europe – designed a roadmap to provide guidance on how to move automated surveillance (AS) from the research setting to large-scale implementation. Supplementary to this roadmap, we here discuss the governance aspects of automated HAI surveillance within networks, aiming to support both the coordinating centres and participating healthcare facilities as they set up governance structures and to enhance involvement of legal specialists. Methods: This article is based on PRAISE network discussions during two workshops. A taskforce was installed that further elaborated governance aspects for AS networks by reviewing documents and websites, consulting experts and organizing teleconferences. Finally, the article has been reviewed by an independent panel of international experts. Results: Strict governance is indispensable in surveillance networks, especially when manual decisions are replaced by algorithms and electronically stored routine-care data are reused for the purpose of surveillance. For endorsement of AS networks, governance aspects specifically related to AS networks need to be addressed. Key considerations include enabling participation and inclusion, trust in the collection, use and quality of data (including data protection), accountability and transparency. Conclusions: This article on governance aspects can be used by coordinating centres and healthcare facilities participating in an AS network as a starting point to set up governance structures. Involvement of main stakeholders and legal specialists early in the development of an AS network is important for endorsement, inclusivity and compliance with the laws and regulations that apply.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S20-S28
JournalClinical Microbiology and Infection
Issue numberSupplement 1
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2021


  • Algorithm
  • Governance
  • Healthcare-associated infections
  • Regulation
  • Surveillance


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