Exploratory efficacy endpoints in the Community-Acquired Pneumonia Immunization Trial in Adults (CAPiTA)

Chris Webber, Michael Patton, Scott Patterson, Beate Schmoele-Thoma, Susanne M Huijts, Marc J M Bonten,

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


BACKGROUND: The Community-Acquired Pneumonia Immunization Trial in Adults (CAPiTA) assessed vaccine-type community-acquired pneumonia (VT-CAP) and vaccine-type invasive pneumococcal disease (VT-IPD) prevention with 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) in adults aged ⩾65years. We report vaccine efficacy (VE) of PCV13 for the remaining 23 exploratory endpoints and serotype distributions for pneumococcal CAP and IPD.

METHODS: This was a parallel-group, randomised, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial comparing single-dose PCV13 with placebo. Exploratory CAP endpoints included first episode of confirmed non-VT (NVT) pneumococcal CAP; all confirmed episodes of NVT pneumococcal CAP, pneumococcal CAP, nonbacteraemic/noninvasive (NB/NI) VT pneumococcal CAP, and NB/NI pneumococcal CAP; and first and all episodes of culture-confirmed VT pneumococcal CAP, culture-confirmed pneumococcal CAP, culture-confirmed NVT pneumococcal CAP, probable VT pneumococcal CAP, probable NVT pneumococcal CAP, and probable and possible pneumococcal CAP. Exploratory IPD endpoints included all episodes of VT-IPD and IPD, and first and all episodes of NVT-IPD. The per-protocol and modified intent-to-treat (mITT) populations were evaluated.

RESULTS: In total, 84,496 participants were enrolled. Eight of 23 exploratory CAP and IPD endpoints were statistically significant in both populations. In the per-protocol population, these included VE of 29% for all episodes of confirmed pneumococcal CAP, 43% for all NB/NI episodes of VT pneumococcal CAP, 52% for all episodes of culture-confirmed pneumococcal CAP, and 53% for all episodes of IPD. Comparable VE estimates were observed in the mITT population. The most common VT serotypes were 1 (10 first episodes of confirmed pneumococcal CAP; 2 first episodes of IPD) and 7F (22; 7) among PCV13 and placebo recipients, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS: The results of this analysis yielded statistically significant PCV13 VE for all episodes of confirmed pneumococcal CAP (including NB/NI and culture-confirmed episodes) and for all episodes of IPD in adults aged ⩾65years. These findings are consistent with the primary efficacy analysis. ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00744263.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1266–1272
Number of pages7
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2017


  • Adult
  • Community-acquired pneumonia
  • PCV13
  • Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine
  • Vaccine efficacy


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