Evaluation of the Safety and Feasibility of Same-Day Holmium-166 -Radioembolization Simulation and Treatment of Hepatic Metastases

Caren van Roekel, Netanja I Harlianto, Arthur J A T Braat, Jip F Prince, Andor F van den Hoven, Rutger C G Bruijnen, Marnix G E H Lam, Maarten L J Smits

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and feasibility of same-day treatment, including the simulation procedure for assessment of intrahepatic and extrahepatic distribution of the microspheres, with holmium-166 (166Ho)-radioembolization.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of patients included in the 4 prospective studies (HEPAR I, HEPAR II, HEPAR PLuS, and SIM) on 166Ho-radioembolization. The technical success rate of the same-day treatment protocol, defined as the number of patients who completed the same-day treatment, was measured. Total in-room time, duration of the scout procedure, time to imaging, and duration of the treatment procedure were recorded. Reasons for discontinuation or adjustment of treatment were identified. Adverse events that occurred during the treatment day were recorded.

RESULTS: One hundred five of 120 scheduled patients completed the same-day treatment with 166Ho-radioembolization (success rate, 88%). After the simulation procedure, treatment was cancelled in 15 patients because of extrahepatic deposition (n = 8), suboptimal tumor targeting (n = 1), unanticipated vascular anatomy (n = 5), and dissection (n = 1). In another 14 patients, the treatment plan was adjusted. The median total procedure time (ie, simulation, imaging, and treatment) was 6:39 hours:minutes (range, 3:58-9:17 hours:minutes). Back pain was a major same-day treatment-related complaint (n = 28).

CONCLUSION: 166Ho-radioembolization as a same-day treatment procedure is feasible in most selected patients, although treatment was adjusted in 12% of patients and cancelled in 12% of patients. This approach might be beneficial for a select patient population, such as patients needing a radiation segmentectomy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1593-1599
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology
Issue number10
Early online date26 Aug 2020
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020


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