Effect of magnesium on cognition after aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage in a randomized trial

I. M. C. Huenges Wajer, S. M. Dorhout Mees, W. M. van den Bergh, A. Algra, J. M. A. Visser-Meily, G. J. E. Rinkel, M. J. E. van Zandvoort

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Background and purpose: In randomized trials magnesium supplementation did not improve clinical outcome after aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (aSAH) on handicap scales. After aSAH, many patients have cognitive problems that may not translate into handicap. The effect of magnesium on cognitive outcome after aSAH was studied. Methods: In total, 209 patients who had been included in the Magnesium for Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Haemorrhage (MASH-2) trial in the University Medical Centre of Utrecht were studied. Patients had been randomized to 64 mmol magnesium sulfate daily or placebo during hospitalization. Three months after aSAH patients underwent a neuropsychological examination (NPE) consisting of six neuropsychological tests or a brief cognitive assessment. Poisson and linear regression analyses were used to analyse the effect of magnesium on cognition. Results: In the magnesium group 53 (49.5%) of the 107 patients and in the placebo group 51 (50.0%) of the 102 patients scored lower than the median cognitive score [relative risk 0.99, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.76–1.30]. Linear regression analyses showed no significant relationship between intervention and cognition (B = 0.05, 95% CI −0.15 to 0.33). Conclusions: Treatment with magnesium has no effect on cognitive outcome after aSAH.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1486-1489
Number of pages4
JournalEuropean Journal of Neurology
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2018


  • aneurysm
  • cognition
  • intervention
  • subarachnoid haemorrhage


Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of magnesium on cognition after aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage in a randomized trial'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this