Defective glial maturation in vanishing white matter disease

Marianna Bugiani, Ilja Boor, Barbara van Kollenburg, Nienke Postma, Emiel Polder, Carola van Berkel, Ronald E van Kesteren, Martha S Windrem, Elly M Hol, Gert C Scheper, Steven A Goldman, Marjo S van der Knaap

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Vanishing white matter (VWM) disease is a genetic leukoencephalopathy linked to mutations in the eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2B. It is a disease of infants, children, and adults who experience a slowly progressive neurologic deterioration with episodes of rapid clinical worsening triggered by stress and eventually leading to death. Characteristic neuropathologic findings include cystic degeneration of the white matter with scarce reactive gliosis, dysmorphic astrocytes, and paucity of myelin despite an increase in oligodendrocytic density. To assess whether a defective maturation of macroglia may be responsible for the feeble gliosis and lack of myelin, weinvestigated the maturation status of astrocytes and oligodendrocytes in the brains of 8 VWM patients, 4 patients with other white matter disorders and 6 age-matched controls with a combination of immunocytochemistry, histochemistry, scratch-wound assays, Western blot, and quantitative polymerase chain reaction. We observed increased proliferation and a defect in the maturation of VWM astrocytes. They show an anomalous composition of their intermediate filament network with predominance of the δ-isoform of the glial fibrillary acidic protein and an increase in the heat shock protein αB-crystallin, supporting the possibility that a deficiency in astrocyte function may contribute to the loss of white matter in VWM. We also demonstrated a significant increase in numbers of premyelinating oligodendrocyte progenitors in VWM, which may explain the coexistence of oligodendrocytosis and myelin paucity in the patients' white matter.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-82
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of neuropathology & experimental neurology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2011


  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Cell Differentiation
  • Cell Enlargement
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Leukoencephalopathies
  • Middle Aged
  • Nerve Fibers, Myelinated
  • Neuroglia
  • Young Adult
  • Comparative Study
  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't


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