Conditional relative survival in non-metastatic esophagogastric cancer between 2006 and 2020: a population-based study

Marieke Pape, Steven C Kuijper, Pauline A J Vissers, Jelle P Ruurda, Karen J Neelis, Hanneke W M van Laarhoven, Rob H A Verhoeven

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Abstract

Conditional relative survival (CRS) is useful for communicating prognosis to patients as it provides an estimate of the life expectancy after having survived a certain time after treatment. Our study estimates the 3-year relative survival conditional on having survived a certain period for patients with esophageal or gastric cancer. Patients with nonmetastatic esophageal or gastric cancer diagnosed between 2006 and 2020 treated with curative intent (resection with or without [neo]adjuvant therapy, or chemoradiotherapy) were selected from the Netherlands Cancer Registry. CRS was calculated since resection or last day of chemoradiotherapy. The probability of surviving an additional 3 years (ie, 3-year CRS), if the patients survived 1, 3 and 5 years after diagnosis was 62%, 79%, 87% and 69%, 84%, 90% for esophageal and gastric cancer, respectively. The 3-year CRS after having survived 3 years for patients with esophageal cancer who underwent a resection (n = 12 204) was 91%, 88%, 77% and 60% for pathological Stage 0, I, II and III, and for patients with esophageal cancer who received chemoradiotherapy (n = 4158) was 51% and 66% for clinical Stage II and III, respectively. The 3-year CRS after having survived 3 years for patients with gastric cancer who underwent a resection (n = 6531) was 99%, 90%, 73% and 59% for pathological Stage 0, I, II and III, respectively. Despite poor prognosis of patients with esophageal or gastric cancer, life expectancy increases substantially after patients have survived several years after treatment. Our study provides valuable information for communication of prognosis to patients during follow-up after treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2503-2511
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
Volume152
Issue number12
Early online date25 Feb 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2023

Keywords

  • conditional relative survival
  • esophageal carcinoma
  • gastric carcinoma
  • population-based study

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