Compliance with mismatch repair testing in pT1 colorectal cancer diagnosed before the age of 70 years

Berbel L M Ykema, Iris D Nagtegaal, Koert Kuhlmann, Annemarie M van Berkel, Monique E van Leerdam,

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Mismatch repair (MMR) testing is recommended in the Netherlands for all patients under 70 years of age with newly diagnosed colorectal cancer (CRC) in order to identify Lynch syndrome. T1 CRC can be removed by local excision or oncological surgical resection. We evaluated the frequency of MMR testing in pT1 lesions within the Dutch CRC screening cohort. pT1 CRC diagnosed within the Dutch population-based screening program from 2016-2018 were identified by the Dutch pathology registry (PALGA). Pathology reports were evaluated, including registration of MMR testing (by immunohistochemistry and/or microsatellite instability PCR). Frequency of MMR testing was compared between pT1 tumors that were treated by local (endoscopic or transanal) excision and oncological surgical resections. A total of 3.692 pT1 CRCs were diagnosed (median age 63 years, 61.4% males). MMR testing was performed in 83% and uptake increased over time (71% in 2016 to 92% in 2018, p<0.01). MMR testing was significantly more often performed in younger patients and in academic hospitals. When pT1 CRC was treated by oncological surgical resection (n=1.132), MMR testing was performed in 89% of cases and was known prior to oncological resection in 51% of cases. MMR testing occurred significantly less often in case of local excision (80% of n=2.560) compared to oncological surgical resection (p<0.01). MMR testing was performed in 83% of T1 CRCs and uptake increased over time. MMR testing was more frequently performed in pT1 CRC resected by oncological surgical resection compared with local excision.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)451-457
Number of pages7
JournalVirchows Archives
Volume479
Issue number3
Early online date14 Mar 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2021

Keywords

  • Colorectal cancer
  • Lynch syndrome
  • Mismatch repair deficiency
  • Screening

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