Comparison of three calibration procedures for free-field reference speech audiometry

Mieke Janssens-bij de Vaate*, Koenraad S. Rhebergen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Objective: In standards IEC 60645-1 and ANSI S3.6, the free-field equivalent earphone output level method is assumed as the reference for speech audiometry. Three calibration procedures for this method were compared in this study. Design: Speech audiometry was conducted with Dutch consonant-vowel-consonant words for the following conditions: 1. TDH39 earphones, 2. loudspeaker, and 3. free-field simulated with TDH39 earphones. The first calibration procedure was based on the empirically determined difference between the speech recognition threshold (SRT) with earphones and a loudspeaker. The second procedure was based on the theoretical free-field correction, derived from the known speech spectrum and the free-field to coupler difference. The third calibration procedure corresponded to the results of the free-field simulated speech material under earphones. Study sample: The sample included 20 normal hearing subjects. Results: The differences between the observed SRT in the free-field and earphone conditions and the free-field and simulated free-field conditions were 7.1 dB and 0.6 dB, respectively. Conclusion: The three calibration procedures for the free-field equivalent output method yielded approximately the same results, and therefore all appear to be useful for TDH39 earphones.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)527-534
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Audiology
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2024


  • Calibration
  • coupler to free-field difference
  • free-field equivalent output method
  • speech audiometry
  • speech intelligibility index


Dive into the research topics of 'Comparison of three calibration procedures for free-field reference speech audiometry'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this