Comparison of Diaton transpalpebral tonometer with applanation tonometry in keratoconus

Robert Pl Wisse, Natalie Peeters, Saskia M Imhof, Gonnie van der Lelij

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Abstract

AIM: To investigate the added value of using a Diaton transpalpebral tonometer (DT) to measure IOP in keratoconus. Most type of tonometers use corneal applanation or biomechanical resistance to measure intraocular pressure (IOP); however, these factors can be altered by keratoconus. Specifically, we examined whether DT can detect false-negative low Goldmann applanation tonometry (AT) measurements.

METHODS: Patients with keratoconus were recruited from our tertiary academic treatment center. Measurements included AT and DT (in random order) and Scheimpflug imaging. An age- and gender-matched group of control subjects with no history of corneal disease or glaucoma was also recruited.

RESULTS: In total, 130 eyes from 66 participants were assessed. In the keratoconus group, mean AT was 11.0 ± 2.6, mean DT 11.2±5.5 (P=0.729), and the two measures were correlated significantly (P=0.006, R=0.323). However, a Bland-Altman plot revealed a wide distribution and poor agreement between both measurements. Previous corneal crosslinking, corneal pachymetry, and Krumeich classification had no effect on measured IOP.

CONCLUSION: Measurements obtained using a Diaton tonometer are not affected by corneal biomechanics; however, its poor agreement with Goldmann AT values calls into question the added value of using a Diaton tonometer to measure IOP in keratoconus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)395-398
Number of pages4
JournalInternational journal of ophthalmology
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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