Cardiovascular risk prediction in HIV-infected patients: Comparing the Framingham, atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease risk score (ASCVD), Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation for the Netherlands (SCORE-NL) and Data Collection on Adverse Events of Anti-HIV Drugs (D: A: D) risk prediction models

M. Krikke, R. C. Hoogeveen, A. I M Hoepelman, F. L J Visseren, J. E. Arends*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of the study was to compare the predictions of five popular cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk prediction models, namely the Data Collection on Adverse Events of Anti-HIV Drugs (D:A:D) model, the Framingham Heart Study (FHS) coronary heart disease (FHS-CHD) and general CVD (FHS-CVD) models, the American Heart Association (AHA) atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease risk score (ASCVD) model and the Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation for the Netherlands (SCORE-NL) model. Methods: A cross-sectional design was used to compare the cumulative CVD risk predictions of the models. Furthermore, the predictions of the general CVD models were compared with those of the HIV-specific D:A:D model using three categories (20%) to categorize the risk and to determine the degree to which patients were categorized similarly or in a higher/lower category. Results: A total of 997 HIV-infected patients were included in the study: 81% were male and they had a median age of 46 [interquartile range (IQR) 40-52] years, a known duration of HIV infection of 6.8 (IQR 3.7-10.9) years, and a median time on ART of 6.4 (IQR 3.0-11.5) years. The D:A:D, ASCVD and SCORE-NL models gave a lower cumulative CVD risk, compared with that of the FHS-CVD and FHS-CHD models. Comparing the general CVD models with the D:A:D model, the FHS-CVD and FHS-CHD models only classified 65% and 79% of patients, respectively, in the same category as did the D:A:D model. However, for the ASCVD and SCORE-NL models, this percentage was 89% and 87%, respectively. Furthermore, FHS-CVD and FHS-CHD attributed a higher CVD risk to 33% and 16% of patients, respectively, while this percentage was

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)289-297
Number of pages9
JournalHIV Medicine
Volume17
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2016

Keywords

  • Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease risk score (ASCVD)
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Data collection on adverse events of anti-HIV drugs (D:A:D)
  • Framingham
  • HIV infection
  • Risk prediction
  • Systematic coronary risk evaluation (SCORE)

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