Automatic Identification of Patients With Unexplained Left Ventricular Hypertrophy in Electronic Health Record Data to Improve Targeted Treatment and Family Screening

Arjan Sammani, Mark Jansen, Nynke M de Vries, Nicolaas de Jonge, Annette F Baas, Anneline S J M Te Riele, Folkert W Asselbergs, Marish I F J Oerlemans

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Abstract

Background: Unexplained Left Ventricular Hypertrophy (ULVH) may be caused by genetic and non-genetic etiologies (e.g., sarcomere variants, cardiac amyloid, or Anderson-Fabry's disease). Identification of ULVH patients allows for early targeted treatment and family screening.

Aim: To automatically identify patients with ULVH in electronic health record (EHR) data using two computer methods: text-mining and machine learning (ML).

Methods: Adults with echocardiographic measurement of interventricular septum thickness (IVSt) were included. A text-mining algorithm was developed to identify patients with ULVH. An ML algorithm including a variety of clinical, ECG and echocardiographic data was trained and tested in an 80/20% split. Clinical diagnosis of ULVH was considered the gold standard. Misclassifications were reviewed by an experienced cardiologist. Sensitivity, specificity, positive, and negative likelihood ratios (LHR+ and LHR-) of both text-mining and ML were reported.

Results: In total, 26,954 subjects (median age 61 years, 55% male) were included. ULVH was diagnosed in 204/26,954 (0.8%) patients, of which 56 had amyloidosis and two Anderson-Fabry Disease. Text-mining flagged 8,192 patients with possible ULVH, of whom 159 were true positives (sensitivity, specificity, LHR+, and LHR- of 0.78, 0.67, 2.36, and 0.33). Machine learning resulted in a sensitivity, specificity, LHR+, and LHR- of 0.32, 0.99, 32, and 0.68, respectively. Pivotal variables included IVSt, systolic blood pressure, and age.

Conclusions: Automatic identification of patients with ULVH is possible with both Text-mining and ML. Text-mining may be a comprehensive scaffold but can be less specific than machine learning. Deployment of either method depends on existing infrastructures and clinical applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number768847
Pages (from-to)1-11
JournalFrontiers in cardiovascular medicine
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2022

Keywords

  • anderson-fabry disease
  • cardiac amyloidosis
  • electronic health record
  • left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH)
  • text-mining

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