Adenovirus-mediated hepatic overexpression of scavenger receptor class B type I accelerates chylomicron metabolism in C57BL/6J mice

Ruud Out, Menno Hoekstra, Saskia C A de Jager, Paula de Vos, Deneys R van der Westhuyzen, Nancy R Webb, Miranda Van Eck, Eric A L Biessen, Theo J C Van Berkel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


The function of scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI) in mediating the selective uptake of HDL cholesteryl esters is well established. In SR-BI-deficient mice, we recently observed a delayed postprandial triglyceride (TG) response, suggesting an additional role for SR-BI in facilitating chylomicron (CM) metabolism. Here, we assessed the effect of adenovirus-mediated hepatic overexpression of SR-BI (Ad.SR-BI) in C57BL/6J mice on serum lipids and CM metabolism. Infection of 5 x 10(8) plaque-forming units per mouse of Ad.SR-BI significantly decreases serum cholesterol (>90%), phospholipids (>90%), and TG levels (50%), accompanied by a 41.4% reduction (P < 0.01) in apolipoprotein B-100 levels. The postprandial TG response is 2-fold lower in mice treated with Ad.SR-BI compared with control mice (area under the curve = 31.4 +/- 2.4 versus 17.7 +/- 3.2; P < 0.05). Hepatic mRNA expression levels of genes known to be involved in serum cholesterol and TG clearance are unchanged and thus could not account for the decreased plasma TG levels and the change in postprandial response. We conclude that overexpression of SR-BI accelerates CM metabolism, possibly by mediating the initial capture of CM remnants by the liver, whereby the subsequent internalization can be exerted by additional receptor systems such as the LDL receptor (LDLr) and LDLr-related protein 1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1172-81
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Lipid Research
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2005


  • Adenoviridae
  • Animals
  • Antigens, CD36
  • Blotting, Western
  • Chylomicrons
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Immunoblotting
  • Kinetics
  • Lipid Metabolism
  • Lipoproteins, LDL
  • Liver
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Receptors, Immunologic
  • Receptors, Lipoprotein
  • Receptors, Scavenger
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Scavenger Receptors, Class B


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