A Solitary Intestinal Myofibroma: A Rare Cause of Neonatal Anemia

Janna S.E. Ottenhoff*, Peter G.J. Nikkels, C. E.J. Terwisscha van Scheltinga, L. Naeije

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Solitary infantile myofibroma with visceral involvement is very rare. We present an unusual case of a solitary myofibroma with abdominal localization in a 1-day-old female neonate who presented with severe anemia and rectal bleeding. A bleeding myofibroma was found, located in the wall of the jejunum, and totally resected. In case of a solitary lesion, treatment is relatively easy and effective, with excellent prognosis after total resection. The multiple form (myofibromatosis) has a poor prognosis with low survival rates. We therefore recommend total body MRI for all patients diagnosed with myofibroma to rule out other lesions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)890-896
Number of pages7
JournalCase Reports in Oncology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 28 Dec 2017


  • Gastrointestinal surgery
  • Intestinal obstruction
  • Myofibroma
  • Neonatal anemia


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