A mutation in the protein S pseudogene is linked to protein S deficiency in a thrombophilic family

H. K. Ploos Van Amstel*, P. H. Reitsma, K. Hamulyak, C. E.M. De Die-Smulders, P. M. Mannucci, R. M. Bertina

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Probands from 15 unrelated families with hereditary protein S deficiency type I, that is having a plasma total protein S concentration fifty percent of normal, were screened for abnormalities in their protein S genes by Southern analysis. Two probands were found to have a deviating DNA pattern with the restriction enzyme MspI. In the two patients the alteration concerned the disappearance of a MspI restriction site, CCGG, giving rise to an additional hybridizing MspI fragment. Analysis of relatives of both probands showed that in one family the mutation does not co-segregate with the phenotype of reduced plasma protein S. In the family of the other proband, however, complete linkage between the mutated gene pattern and the reduced total protein S concentration was found: 12 heterozygous relatives showed the additional MspI fragment but none of the investigated 26 normal members of the family. The mutation is shown to reside in the PSβ gene, the inactive protein S gene. The cause of type I protein S deficiency, a defect PSα gene has escaped detection by Southern analysis. No recombination has occurred between the PSα gene and the PSβ gene in 23 informative meioses. This suggests that the two protein S genes, located near the centromere of chromosome 3, are within 4 centiMorgan of each other.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)897-901
Number of pages5
JournalThrombosis and Haemostasis
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1989


  • Protein S
  • Pseudogene
  • Thrombophilia


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