A multiplex real-time PCR assay for routine diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis

J. G. Kusters*, E. A. Reuland, S. Bouter, P. Koenig, J. W. Dorigo-Zetsma

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


A semi-quantitative multiplex PCR assay for the diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis (BV) was evaluated in a prospective study in a population of Dutch women with complaints of abnormal vaginal discharge. The PCR targets Gardnerella vaginalis, Atopobium vaginae, Megasphaera phylotype 1, Lactobacillus crispatus and Lactobacillus iners. Together with a short questionnaire, a vaginal swab for PCR and vaginal smear for microscopy were taken by their general practitioner or gynaecologist. Data from 151 women (median age 32) were available. Nugent Score (NS) was used to classify the samples and 83 samples were classified as normal (NS 0–3), 13 as intermediate (NS 4–6), and 55 as bacterial vaginosis (NS 7–10). In women with a NS of 7–10, PCR detected Gardnerella vaginalis, Atopobium vaginae and Megasphaera phylotype 1 in respectively, 96 %, 87 % and 60 %, whereas in women with a NS of 1–3 these species were detected in 27 %, 6 % and 2 % (P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1779-1785
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 24 Sept 2015


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