A mean 4-year evaluation of infection control rates of hip and knee prosthetic joint infection-related revision arthroplasty: an observational study

Bruce VAN DIJK*, F. Ruben H.A. Nurmohamed, J. Fred F. HOONING VAN DUYVENBODE, Ewout S. Veltman, Rob J. Rentenaar, Harrie Weinans, H. Charles Vogely, Bart C.H. VAN DER WAL

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Background and purpose — The long-term results of the 1-or 2-stage revision procedure and infection-free prosthesis survival in a tertiary referral center are unknown. In this retrospective observational study, the long-term results of infection control and infection-free prosthesis survival of the peri-prosthetic joint infection-related 1-and 2-stage revision procedure are evaluated. Furthermore, the merits of performing an antibiotic-free window in the 2-stage revision is evaluated. Patients and methods — All patients who received a 1-or 2-stage revision procedure of the hip or knee between 2010 and 2017 were included. Data was collected on patient and infection characteristics. The primary treatment aim was successful infection control without the use of antibiotic therapy afterwards. Infection-free survival analysis was performed using the Kaplan–Meier method with type of periprosthetic joint infection-related revision as covariate. Within the group of 2-stage revisions, use of an antibiotic-free window was selected as covariate. Results — 128 patients were treated for a periprosthetic joint infection-related revision procedure (81 hips and 47 knees). Successful infection control was achieved in 18 of 21 cases for the 1-stage and 89 out of 107 cases for the 2-stage revision procedure (83%) respectively after follow-up of more than 4 years. In addition, 2-stage revision procedure infection control was achieved in 52 of 60 cases with an anti-biotic-free interval and 37 of 45 cases without such interval (p = 0.6). The mean infection-free survival of the 1-stage revision was 90 months (95% CI 75–105) and 98 months (CI 90–106) for the 2-stage revision procedure. Interpretation — There seems to be no difference in infection control and infection-free survival between the 1-and 2-stage revision procedure. Second, an antibiotic-free window in the case of a 2-stage revision did not seem to influence treatment outcome. However, one must be cautious when interpreting these results due to confounding by indication and the small study population. Therefore, no definite conclusion can be drawn.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)652-657
Number of pages6
JournalActa Orthopaedica
Publication statusPublished - 13 Jul 2022


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